Petrie, William Matthew Flinders

(1853–1942)
   British archaeologist. He was born in Charlton, England, on 3 June 1853. He was educated at home, his interest in archaeology being encouraged by his father. Petrie was first sent to Egypt to survey the pyramid of Khufufrom 1880–1882. He later excavated for the Egypt Exploration Fund from 1884–1986 and again from 1896–1905, but disagreements led to his founding of the Egyptian Research Account and later the British School of Archaeology in Egypt to finance his independent excavations by donations from subscribers. Petrie carried out work in many sites in Egypt, notably Tanis, Abydos, Hawara, Lahun, Amarna, and Thebes. He was the first archaeologist to stress the importance of such small, uninscribed objects as amulets and pottery, which could be used to date the consecutive archaeological levels of a site, and he strongly criticized those like his rival Edouard Naville, who sought only monumental, inscribed antiquities. He believed in prompt publication but then often omitted much detailed evidence. He also laid down the basic framework for the study of Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt through the through study of pottery. Petrie’s rather austere lifestyle in the field owed much to his desire to expend his resources on the excavations. He was appointed as the first professor of Egyptology at University College London in 1892, retiring in 1933. During the 1920s, he turned his attention to excavation in Palestine. He died in Jerusalem on 28 July 1942. His personal collection of antiquities, notebooks, and papers is preserved in the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology at University College in London.
   See also Carter, Howard; Mariette, Auguste Ferdinand; Montet, Pierre Marie; Reisner, George Andrew; Winlock, Herbert Eustis.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • PETRIE, SIR WILLIAM MATTHEW FLINDERS° — (1853–1942). British archaeologist well known for his work in Egypt, as well as in Palestine. In 1880 he visited Egypt for the first time and in 1882 he was engaged in establishing the exact measurements of the Giza pyramids. In Palestine he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • William Matthew Flinders Petrie — Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (* 3. Juni 1853 in Charlton bei London; † 28. Juli 1942 in Jerusalem) war ein bekannter Ägyptologe. Sein Großvater war der Australienforscher Matthew Flinders. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Ausbildung 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Matthew Flinders Petrie — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petrie. William Matthew Flinders Petrie Égyptologue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Matthew Flinders Petrie — Profesor Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Petrie, Sir (William Matthew)Flinders — Pe·trie (pēʹtrē), Sir (William Matthew) Flinders. 1853 1942. British Egyptologist noted for his excavations at Memphis and Thebes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Petrie, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders — born June 3, 1853, Charlton, near Greenwich, London, Eng. died July 28, 1942, Jerusalem British archaeologist who made valuable contributions to the techniques of excavation and dating. During excavations in Egypt in the mid 1880s Petrie… …   Universalium

  • Petrie, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders — (3 jun. 1853, Charlton, cerca de Greenwich, Londres, Inglaterra–28 jul. 1942, Jerusalén). Arqueólogo británico que hizo valiosas contribuciones a las técnicas de excavación y datación. Durante sus excavaciones en Egipto, a mediados de la década… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Mathew Flinders Petrie — Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (* 3. Juni 1853 in Charlton bei London; † 28. Juli 1942 in Jerusalem) war ein bekannter Ägyptologe. Sein Großvater war der Australienforscher Matthew Flinders. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Ausbildung 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew Flinders — Routen d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew Flinders — For the British academic, see Matthew Flinders (academic). Matthew Flinders Born 16 March 1774 Donington, Lincolnshire, England Died 19 July 1814 …   Wikipedia

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